We often heard some bad news about lithium-ion batteries, such as fire, and explosion hazards, which caused many people to be afraid to use these “terrible” batteries. If the consumers use it correctly and keep it in the right lithium battery storage conditions, will obtain a good performance lithium-ion battery.
Batteries are a critical component of light electric vehicles. Not only do they provide power to the bike, but they also play a key role in safety.
How to store your li-ion batteries for optimal life?
The battery works by using a chemical reaction to create energy. This energy is used to power the electric motor on the vehicle. When you store the battery, you are essentially slowing down this reaction. This can cause problems with how the battery works and can lead to decreased performance over time.
Just like with any other type of battery, proper maintenance and care are required for lithium-ion batteries in order to ensure optimal performance and longevity.
If lithium batteries are stored properly, they can last for several years. Just be sure to follow the manufacturer’s instructions and avoid any situations that could damage the cells.
State of the storage battery
When the batteries are not to be used for a long time, please store them safely so that they will stay in a half-charged state, that is to say, keep in the state of charge (SOC) 50-60%.
Please wrap the batteries with non-conductive materials so that metallic materials will not contact the batteries directly, which may result in damage to the batteries.
If possible, store the battery in a temperature-controlled environment. This will help keep the battery from discharging too quickly.
Store your batteries in a cool, dry place. Avoid exposing them to extreme cold. Extreme temperatures can damage the battery cells and shorten their overall life. This will help reduce the rate of self-discharge.
Please remember about the lithium-ion battery storage temperature. A normal environment for batteries:
- charge temperature is 0℃~45℃
- discharge temperature -20℃~60℃ and the
- the relative humidity is 65% ± 20%
Do not damage the battery
The battery should not be damaged using methods like knocking metallic things into the battery, hammering the battery, knocking it violent, etc. Otherwise, the battery may heat, smoke, deform or burn and even dangers may happen sometimes.
Keep the terminals clean and free of corrosion. Use a soft cloth dipped in water and vinegar to clean them off every now and then.
When not in use, remove the battery from the bike.
Do not store the lithium batteries near a fire source, a furnace, or in an environment in which the ambient temperature exceeds 80 ℃. The excessively high temperature will cause a short circuit to occur within the battery, which will cause the lithium battery to heat, smoke, deform or burn.
Keep the lithium battery dry
Do not moisten the battery and throw the battery into water is even more prohibited. Otherwise, the inner protective circuit within and the protective function of the battery may be lost and abnormal chemical reactions may occur, and as a consequence, the battery may heat, smoke, deform or burn. (if no IP67 or other protection）
Protection from lithium-ion battery short circuits
In no circumstance should the positive and negative poles of the battery be short-circuited. Do not disassemble or assemble the batteries yourself and do not place the batteries in a damp place to avoid danger.
Charge the lithium battery every 3 months (keep SOC over 50%) at shelf time. Avoid leaving your battery fully discharged for long periods of time. It’s best to keep it at least 30% charged.
However, do not charge or discharge your battery more than necessary. Try to keep the number of full charges and discharges at a minimum.